What are FXS and FXO ports? What are they used for?
What is an FXS port?
FXS stands for foreign exchange subscriber. An FXS port is an interface that connects station devices such as your phones or PBX to a VoIP adapter.
FXS is an RJ11 port that connects internally to an analog office phone or fax machine. Think of the S as meaning a station or a cubicle. Any FXS port is going to connect to an analog DEVICE and the cable from the port to the device will never leave the building.
Now, on to the FXO ports…
What is an FXO port?
FXO stands for foreign exchange office. An FXO port is an interface that connects your Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS) line to a VoIP adapter.
It designates a telephone signaling interface that receives POTS (plain old telephone service). Um… ok. Let’s put it this way, FXO is a port that will connect a device to an outside telephone line. Think “O” for “Outside”. Picture an RJ11 wall jack that connects to a box in your basement which is connected to the line from your house to the nearest telephone pole on your street. Any RJ11 port on a device that is headed towards that wall jack is an FXO port. It connects your device to the “outside” world or your local area telephone “office”.
FXS and FXO Ports With VoIP Phone System
An FXS gateway is used to connect one or more lines of a traditional PBX to a VoIP phone system or provider. Alternatively, you can use it to connect analog phones to it and re-use your analog phones with a VoIP phone system. You need an FXS gateway because you want to connect the FXO ports (which normally are connected to the telephone company) to the Internet or a VoIP system.
XonTel offers cost-effective Series S3200 FXS VoIP Gateway for small and medium enterprises to ensure an effortless and smooth transition to VoIP. By integrating traditional phone systems into IP-based systems, you can provide employees with a robust IP telephony feature set and will not have to allocate huge investment on new VoIP phones but, instead, continue using the existing analog phones as extensions of the IP-PBX.
An FXO gateway is used when you want to connect a VoIP system with analog lines and translate analog lines to establish a VoIP call.
XonTel XT-400 FXO VoIP Gateway provides an affordable and reliable solution that can connect analog lines and PABX extension interface to SIP trunks, enabling making calls over the Internet.
When connected to a headquarter IP PBX system, FXO gateways can use the local landlines of your remote sites to avoid long distance rates. Besides, in the event of a network crash and SIP trunking to IP-PBX fails, FXO Gateway can offer a failover or fallback solution by connecting your PBX to an outside telephone line.
SIP/E1 Media Gateway – Digital VoIP gateway is used in different options of conjugation of VoIP and TDM/PSTN networks for minimization of expenses and reduction of operational costs. Support for all types of signaling used in the PSTN network allows the use of Terratel VoIP gateway for the reconstruction and modernization of various telecommunications equipment. SIP/E1 Media Gateway supports call routing in any order TDM-to-SIP, SIP-to-TDM, TDM-to-TDM, and SIP-to-SIP.